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Research Article

Early Emergence of Ethnic Differences in Type 2 Diabetes Precursors in the UK: The Child Heart and Health Study in England (CHASE Study)

  • Peter H. Whincup mail,

    p.whincup@sgul.ac.uk

    Affiliation: Division of Community Health Sciences, St George's, University of London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Claire M. Nightingale,

    Affiliation: Division of Community Health Sciences, St George's, University of London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Christopher G. Owen,

    Affiliation: Division of Community Health Sciences, St George's, University of London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Alicja R. Rudnicka,

    Affiliation: Division of Community Health Sciences, St George's, University of London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Ian Gibb,

    Affiliation: Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Newcastle Hospitals NHS Trust, Newcastle, United Kingdom

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  • Catherine M. McKay,

    Affiliation: Division of Community Health Sciences, St George's, University of London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Angela S. Donin,

    Affiliation: Division of Community Health Sciences, St George's, University of London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Naveed Sattar,

    Affiliation: BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom

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  • K. George M. M. Alberti,

    Affiliation: Division of Medicine, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom

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  • Derek G. Cook

    Affiliation: Division of Community Health Sciences, St George's, University of London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Published: April 20, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000263

About the Authors

Peter H. Whincup, Claire M. Nightingale, Christopher G. Owen, Alicja R. Rudnicka, Catherine M. McKay, Angela S. Donin, Derek G. Cook
Division of Community Health Sciences, St George's, University of London, London, United Kingdom
Ian Gibb
Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Newcastle Hospitals NHS Trust, Newcastle, United Kingdom
Naveed Sattar
BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom
K. George M. M. Alberti
Division of Medicine, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: p.whincup@sgul.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: PHW CN CGO AR IG CM AD NS KGMA DC. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: PHW CN CGO AR IG CM AD NS KGMA DC. Designed the experiments/the study: PHW KGMA DC. Analyzed the data: PHW CN AR. Collected data/did experiments for the study: PHW CN CGO IG CM AD NS DC. Enrolled patients: PHW. Wrote the first draft of the paper: PHW. Contributed to the writing of the paper: CN CGO AR IG CM AD NS KGMA DC. Responsible for data integrity: CGO. Involved in data management for this study: AR. Performed hormone assays: KGMA. Raised funding: PHW DC.