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Research Article

Essential Surgery at the District Hospital: A Retrospective Descriptive Analysis in Three African Countries

  • Moses Galukande,

    Affiliation: Department of Surgery, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda

    X
  • Johan von Schreeb,

    Affiliation: Division of International Health (IHCAR), Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden

    X
  • Andreas Wladis,

    Affiliation: Department of Surgery, Söder Hospital, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden

    X
  • Naboth Mbembati,

    Affiliation: Department of Surgery, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

    X
  • Helder de Miranda,

    Affiliation: School of Medicine, Catholic University of Mozambique, Beira, Mozambique

    X
  • Margaret E. Kruk mail,

    mkruk@columbia.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Health Management and Policy, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

    X
  • Sam Luboga,

    Affiliation: Department of Anatomy, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda

    X
  • Alphonsus Matovu,

    Affiliation: Kamuli Mission Hospital, Kamuli, Uganda

    X
  • Colin McCord,

    Affiliation: Department of Surgery, Columbia University Medical Center, Columbia University, New York, United States of America

    X
  • S. Khady Ndao-Brumblay,

    Affiliation: Department of Health Management and Policy, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

    X
  • Doruk Ozgediz,

    Affiliation: Division of Pediatric Surgery, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

    X
  • Peter C. Rockers,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

    X
  • Ana Romàn Quiñones,

    Affiliation: Department of Health Management and Policy, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

    X
  • Fernando Vaz,

    Affiliation: Higher Institute of Health Sciences, Maputo, Mozambique

    X
  • Haile T. Debas,

    Affiliation: University of California, San Francisco Global Health Sciences, San Francisco, California

    X
  • Sarah B. Macfarlane

    Affiliation: University of California, San Francisco Global Health Sciences, San Francisco, California

    X
  • Published: March 09, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000243
  • Featured in PLOS Collections

About the Authors

Moses Galukande
Department of Surgery, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
Johan von Schreeb
Division of International Health (IHCAR), Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
Andreas Wladis
Department of Surgery, Söder Hospital, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
Naboth Mbembati
Department of Surgery, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Helder de Miranda
School of Medicine, Catholic University of Mozambique, Beira, Mozambique
Margaret E. Kruk, S. Khady Ndao-Brumblay, Ana Romàn Quiñones
Department of Health Management and Policy, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America
Sam Luboga
Department of Anatomy, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
Alphonsus Matovu
Kamuli Mission Hospital, Kamuli, Uganda
Colin McCord
Department of Surgery, Columbia University Medical Center, Columbia University, New York, United States of America
Doruk Ozgediz
Division of Pediatric Surgery, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Peter C. Rockers
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America
Fernando Vaz
Higher Institute of Health Sciences, Maputo, Mozambique
Haile T. Debas, Sarah B. Macfarlane
University of California, San Francisco Global Health Sciences, San Francisco, California

Corresponding Author

Email: mkruk@columbia.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: MG JvS AW NM HdM MEK SL AM CM SKNB DO PCR ARQ FV HTD SBM. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: MG JvS AW NM HdM MEK SL AM CM SKNB DO PCR ARQ FV HTD SBM. Designed the experiments/the study: MG JvS AW MEK DO FV SBM. Analyzed the data: AW HdM MEK SKNB DO PCR FV SBM. Collected data/did experiments for the study: MG NM SL AM CM DO ARQ FV. Enrolled patients: FV. Wrote the first draft of the paper: MG DO FV SBM. Contributed to the writing of the paper: MG JvS AW NM HdM MEK SL AM CM SKNB DO PCR ARQ FV HTD. Responsible for data integrity of the study in the context of the Hospital Of Catandica data collection: HdM. Responsible for data integrity: ARQ. Contributed to initial planning of study: HTD. Jointly responsible for overall program design and implementation: SBM.