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Developing Global Maps of the Dominant Anopheles Vectors of Human Malaria

  • Simon I. Hay mail,

    simon.hay@zoo.ox.ac.uk.

    Affiliations: Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, KEMRI/Wellcome Trust Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research, Nairobi, Kenya

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  • Marianne E. Sinka,

    Affiliation: Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Robi M. Okara,

    Affiliation: Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, KEMRI/Wellcome Trust Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research, Nairobi, Kenya

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  • Caroline W. Kabaria,

    Affiliation: Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, KEMRI/Wellcome Trust Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research, Nairobi, Kenya

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  • Philip M. Mbithi,

    Affiliation: Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, KEMRI/Wellcome Trust Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research, Nairobi, Kenya

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  • Carolynn C. Tago,

    Affiliation: Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, KEMRI/Wellcome Trust Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research, Nairobi, Kenya

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  • David Benz,

    Affiliation: Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Peter W. Gething,

    Affiliation: Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Rosalind E. Howes,

    Affiliation: Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Anand P. Patil,

    Affiliation: Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • William H. Temperley,

    Affiliation: Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Michael J. Bangs,

    Affiliation: Public Health and Malaria Control Department, PT Freeport Indonesia, Kuala Kencana, Papua, Indonesia

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  • Theeraphap Chareonviriyaphap,

    Affiliation: Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand

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  • Iqbal R. F. Elyazar,

    Affiliation: Eijkman-Oxford Clinical Research Unit, Jakarta, Indonesia

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  • Ralph E. Harbach,

    Affiliation: Department of Entomology, The Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom

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  • Janet Hemingway,

    Affiliation: Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

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  • Sylvie Manguin,

    Affiliation: Laboratoire d'Immuno-Physiopathologie Virale et Moleculaire, IRD/Université Montpellier I, Faculté de Pharmacie, Montpellier, France

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  • Charles M. Mbogo,

    Affiliation: KEMRI/Wellcome Trust Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research - Coast, Kilifi, Kenya

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  • Yasmin Rubio-Palis,

    Affiliation: BIOMED, Universidad de Carabobo, Maracay, Venezuela

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  • H. Charles J Godfray

    Affiliation: Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Published: February 09, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000209

About the Authors

Simon I. Hay, Marianne E. Sinka, David Benz, Peter W. Gething, Rosalind E. Howes, Anand P. Patil, William H. Temperley, H. Charles J Godfray
Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
Simon I. Hay, Robi M. Okara, Caroline W. Kabaria, Philip M. Mbithi, Carolynn C. Tago
Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, KEMRI/Wellcome Trust Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research, Nairobi, Kenya
Michael J. Bangs
Public Health and Malaria Control Department, PT Freeport Indonesia, Kuala Kencana, Papua, Indonesia
Theeraphap Chareonviriyaphap
Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand
Iqbal R. F. Elyazar
Eijkman-Oxford Clinical Research Unit, Jakarta, Indonesia
Ralph E. Harbach
Department of Entomology, The Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom
Janet Hemingway
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom
Sylvie Manguin
Laboratoire d'Immuno-Physiopathologie Virale et Moleculaire, IRD/Université Montpellier I, Faculté de Pharmacie, Montpellier, France
Charles M. Mbogo
KEMRI/Wellcome Trust Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research - Coast, Kilifi, Kenya
Yasmin Rubio-Palis
BIOMED, Universidad de Carabobo, Maracay, Venezuela

Corresponding Author

Email: simon.hay@zoo.ox.ac.uk.

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: SIH MES RMO CWK PMM CCT DB PWG REH APP WHT MJB TC IRFE REH JH SM CMM YRP HCJG. Wrote the first draft of the paper: SIH. Contributed to the writing of the paper: SIH MES RMO CWK PMM CCT DB PWG REH APP WHT MJB TC IRFE REH JH SM CMM YRP HCJG. Conceived the project: SIH. Abstracted occurrence data: MES RMO CWK PMM CCT DB REH IRFE. Technical advisory group for the project and collectively responsible for reviewing occurrence data and providing expert opinion on the geographical distribution maps: MJB TC REH JH SM CMM YR-P HCJH. Ensured the use of correct formal taxonomic nomenclature: REH. Provided modeling advice: PWG APP. Provided database support and created the maps: WHT.