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Research Article

Hip Fracture Incidence in Relation to Age, Menopausal Status, and Age at Menopause: Prospective Analysis

  • Emily Banks mail,

    Emily.banks@anu.edu.au

    Affiliation: National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University, Acton, Australia

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  • Gillian K. Reeves,

    Affiliation: Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Valerie Beral,

    Affiliation: Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Angela Balkwill,

    Affiliation: Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Bette Liu,

    Affiliation: Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Andrew Roddam,

    Affiliation: Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • for the Million Women Study Collaborators

    Membership of the Million Women Study Collaborators is provided in the Acknowledgments.

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  • Published: November 10, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000181

About the Authors

Emily Banks
National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University, Acton, Australia
Gillian K. Reeves, Valerie Beral, Angela Balkwill, Bette Liu, Andrew Roddam
Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: Emily.banks@anu.edu.au

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: EB GKR VB AB BL AR. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: EB GKR VB AB BL AR. Designed the experiments/the study: EB GKR VB. Analyzed the data: GKR AB BL. Collected data/did experiments for the study: VB BL. Enrolled patients: VB. Wrote the first draft of the paper: EB. Contributed to the writing of the paper: GKR VB BL AR. Co-principal investigator of the Million Women Study: VB. Responsible for the linkage of the study participants to the hospital data for this study (fractures) and for the management and organization of the hospital data: BL. Specified many of the analyses in the paper: BL. Supervised the data analysis and interpretation of the results: AR.