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Research Article

A World Malaria Map: Plasmodium falciparum Endemicity in 2007

  • Simon I Hay mail,

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: simon.hay@zoo.ox.ac.uk

    Affiliations: Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI)–University of Oxford–Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya, Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Carlos A Guerra,

    Affiliations: Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI)–University of Oxford–Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya, Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Peter W Gething,

    Affiliations: Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, Centre for Geographical Health Research, School of Geography, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton, United Kingdom

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  • Anand P Patil,

    Affiliation: Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Andrew J Tatem,

    Affiliations: Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI)–University of Oxford–Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya, Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, Department of Geography, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America, Emerging Pathogens Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America

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  • Abdisalan M Noor,

    Affiliations: Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI)–University of Oxford–Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya, Centre for Tropical Medicine, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine (CCVTM), Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Caroline W Kabaria,

    Affiliation: Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI)–University of Oxford–Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya

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  • Bui H Manh,

    Affiliation: Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Bach Mai Hospital, National Institute of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Ha Noi, Vietnam

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  • Iqbal R. F Elyazar,

    Affiliation: Eijkman-Oxford Clinical Research Unit, Jakarta, Indonesia

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  • Simon Brooker,

    Affiliations: Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI)–University of Oxford–Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya, Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom

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  • David L Smith,

    Affiliations: Emerging Pathogens Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America, Department of Zoology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America

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  • Rana A Moyeed,

    Affiliation: School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Plymouth, Plymouth, Devon, United Kingdom

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  • Robert W Snow

    Affiliations: Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI)–University of Oxford–Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya, Centre for Tropical Medicine, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine (CCVTM), Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Published: March 24, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000048

About the Authors

Simon I Hay, Carlos A Guerra, Andrew J Tatem, Abdisalan M Noor, Caroline W Kabaria, Simon Brooker, Robert W Snow
Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI)–University of Oxford–Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
Simon I Hay, Carlos A Guerra, Peter W Gething, Anand P Patil, Andrew J Tatem
Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
Peter W Gething
Centre for Geographical Health Research, School of Geography, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton, United Kingdom
Andrew J Tatem
Department of Geography, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America
Andrew J Tatem, David L Smith
Emerging Pathogens Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America
Abdisalan M Noor, Robert W Snow
Centre for Tropical Medicine, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine (CCVTM), Oxford, United Kingdom
Bui H Manh
Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Bach Mai Hospital, National Institute of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Ha Noi, Vietnam
Iqbal R. F Elyazar
Eijkman-Oxford Clinical Research Unit, Jakarta, Indonesia
Simon Brooker
Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom
David L Smith
Department of Zoology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America
Rana A Moyeed
School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Plymouth, Plymouth, Devon, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: simon.hay@zoo.ox.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

SIH and RWS conceived the experiments. SB and RAM had a statistical advisory role throughout. PWG, APP, and AJT refined and implemented the experimental protocols. DLS devised the age-standardization procedures. SIH, CAG, AMN, CWK, BHM, IRFE, and RWS compiled and mapped the PfPR data. SIH wrote the first draft of the manuscript. SIH, CAG, PWG, APP, AJT, AMN, CWK, BHM, IRFE, SB, DLS, RAM, and RWS commented on the final draft of the manuscript.