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Research Article

Predicting Outcome after Traumatic Brain Injury: Development and International Validation of Prognostic Scores Based on Admission Characteristics

  • Ewout W Steyerberg mail,

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: E.Steyerberg@ErasmusMC.nl

    Affiliation: Center for Medical Decision Sciences, Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

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  • Nino Mushkudiani,

    Affiliation: Center for Medical Decision Sciences, Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

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  • Pablo Perel,

    Affiliation: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Nutrition and Public Health Intervention Research Unit, London, United Kingdom

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  • Isabella Butcher,

    Affiliation: Division of Community Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Scotland

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  • Juan Lu,

    Affiliation: Department of Neurosurgery, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, United States of America

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  • Gillian S McHugh,

    Affiliation: Division of Community Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Scotland

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  • Gordon D Murray,

    Affiliation: Division of Community Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Scotland

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  • Anthony Marmarou,

    Affiliation: Department of Neurosurgery, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, United States of America

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  • Ian Roberts,

    Affiliation: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Nutrition and Public Health Intervention Research Unit, London, United Kingdom

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  • J. Dik F Habbema,

    Affiliation: Center for Medical Decision Sciences, Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

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  • Andrew I. R Maas

    Affiliation: Department of Neurosurgery, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

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  • Published: August 05, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0050165

About the Authors

Ewout W Steyerberg, Nino Mushkudiani, J. Dik F Habbema
Center for Medical Decision Sciences, Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Pablo Perel, Ian Roberts
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Nutrition and Public Health Intervention Research Unit, London, United Kingdom
Isabella Butcher, Gillian S McHugh, Gordon D Murray
Division of Community Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Scotland
Juan Lu, Anthony Marmarou
Department of Neurosurgery, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, United States of America
Andrew I. R Maas
Department of Neurosurgery, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Corresponding Author

Email: E.Steyerberg@ErasmusMC.nl

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

EWS, NM, PB, and AIRM designed the study. EWS and NM analyzed the data. EWS wrote the first draft of the paper. EWS, PP, IB, JL, GSM, GDM, AM, IR, JDFH, and AIRM contributed to writing the paper. NM, PP, IB, JL, and GSM participated in the collection of data and organization of the databases from which this manuscript was developed. This work reflects the combined efforts of the IMPACT study project.