Advertisement
Research Article

The Safety of Adult Male Circumcision in HIV-Infected and Uninfected Men in Rakai, Uganda

  • Godfrey Kigozi,

    Affiliation: Rakai Health Sciences Program, Entebbe, Uganda

    X
  • Ronald H Gray mail,

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: rgray@jhsph.edu

    Affiliation: Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Maria J Wawer,

    Affiliation: Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • David Serwadda,

    Affiliation: School of Public Health, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda

    X
  • Frederick Makumbi,

    Affiliation: School of Public Health, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda

    X
  • Stephen Watya,

    Affiliation: Department of Surgery, Urology Unit, Mulago Hospital, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda

    X
  • Fred Nalugoda,

    Affiliation: Rakai Health Sciences Program, Entebbe, Uganda

    X
  • Noah Kiwanuka,

    Affiliation: Rakai Health Sciences Program, Entebbe, Uganda

    X
  • Lawrence H Moulton,

    Affiliation: Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Michael Z Chen,

    Affiliation: Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Nelson K Sewankambo,

    Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda

    X
  • Fred Wabwire-Mangen,

    Affiliation: School of Public Health, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda

    X
  • Melanie C Bacon,

    Affiliation: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Renee Ridzon,

    Affiliation: Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

    X
  • Pius Opendi,

    Affiliation: Rakai Health Sciences Program, Entebbe, Uganda

    X
  • Victor Sempijja,

    Affiliation: Rakai Health Sciences Program, Entebbe, Uganda

    X
  • Absolom Settuba,

    Affiliation: Rakai Health Sciences Program, Entebbe, Uganda

    X
  • Denis Buwembo,

    Affiliation: Rakai Health Sciences Program, Entebbe, Uganda

    X
  • Valerian Kiggundu,

    Affiliation: Rakai Health Sciences Program, Entebbe, Uganda

    X
  • Margaret Anyokorit,

    Affiliation: Rakai Health Sciences Program, Entebbe, Uganda

    X
  • James Nkale,

    Affiliation: Rakai Health Sciences Program, Entebbe, Uganda

    X
  • Nehemia Kighoma,

    Affiliation: Rakai Health Sciences Program, Entebbe, Uganda

    X
  • Blake Charvat

    Affiliation: Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Published: June 03, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0050116

About the Authors

Godfrey Kigozi, Fred Nalugoda, Noah Kiwanuka, Pius Opendi, Victor Sempijja, Absolom Settuba, Denis Buwembo, Valerian Kiggundu, Margaret Anyokorit, James Nkale, Nehemia Kighoma
Rakai Health Sciences Program, Entebbe, Uganda
Ronald H Gray, Maria J Wawer, Lawrence H Moulton, Michael Z Chen, Blake Charvat
Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
David Serwadda, Frederick Makumbi, Fred Wabwire-Mangen
School of Public Health, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
Stephen Watya
Department of Surgery, Urology Unit, Mulago Hospital, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
Nelson K Sewankambo
Department of Medicine, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
Melanie C Bacon
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America
Renee Ridzon
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: rgray@jhsph.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

RH Gray, MJ Wawer, D Serwadda, N Kiwanuka, NK Sewankambo, F Wabwire-Mangen, and N Kighoma designed the experiments/the study. D Serwadda, S Watya, N Kiwanuka, MZ Chen, NK Sewankambo, P Opendi, D Buwembo, A Settuba, V Kiggundu, J Nkale, and N Kighoma collected data or did experiments for the study. G Kigozi, RH Gray, MJ Wawer, D Serwadda, F Makumbi, N Kiwanuka, LH Moulton, MZ Chen, A Settuba, and B Charvat analyzed the data. D Serwadda, N Kiwanuka, NK Sewankambo, P Opendi, D Buwembo, V Kiggundu, J Nkale, and N Kighoma enrolled patients. G Kigozi and RH Gray wrote the first draft of the paper. G Kigozi, RH Gray, MJ Wawer, D Serwadda, S Watya, F Nalugoda, N Kiwanuka, LH Moulton, F Wabwire-Mangen, MC Bacon, P Opendi, V Sempijja, D Buwembo, R Ridzon, M Anyokorit, and B Charvat contributed to writing the paper.