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Research Article

Association of Prenatal and Childhood Blood Lead Concentrations with Criminal Arrests in Early Adulthood

  • John Paul Wright,

    Affiliation: Cincinnati Children's Environmental Health Center, Division of Criminal Justice, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America

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  • Kim N Dietrich mail,

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: kim.dietrich@uc.edu

    Affiliation: Cincinnati Children's Environmental Health Center, Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America

    X
  • M. Douglas Ris,

    Affiliation: Cincinnati Children's Environmental Health Center, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America

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  • Richard W Hornung,

    Affiliation: Cincinnati Children's Environmental Health Center, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America

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  • Stephanie D Wessel,

    Affiliation: Cincinnati Children's Environmental Health Center, Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America

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  • Bruce P Lanphear,

    Affiliation: Cincinnati Children's Environmental Health Center, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America

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  • Mona Ho,

    Affiliation: Cincinnati Children's Environmental Health Center, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America

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  • Mary N Rae

    Affiliation: Cincinnati Children's Environmental Health Center, Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America

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  • Published: May 27, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0050101

About the Authors

John Paul Wright
Cincinnati Children's Environmental Health Center, Division of Criminal Justice, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America
Kim N Dietrich, Stephanie D Wessel, Mary N Rae
Cincinnati Children's Environmental Health Center, Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America
M. Douglas Ris, Richard W Hornung, Bruce P Lanphear, Mona Ho
Cincinnati Children's Environmental Health Center, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: kim.dietrich@uc.edu

Competing Interests

Two of the study's authors, BPL and RH, are on the editorial board of PLoS Medicine. BPL and KND sporadically serve as expert witnesses without personal financial gain.

Author Contributions

JPW, KND, MDR, and BPL designed the experiments/the study. SDW and KND collected data or did experiments for the study. RWH, MH and JPW analyzed the data. KND and SDW enrolled patients. JPW and KND wrote the first draft of the paper. JPW, KND, MDR, RWH, SDW, BPL, and MNR contributed to writing the paper.