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Improving Defences at the Portal of HIV Entry: Mucosal and Innate Immunity

  • Robin J Shattock mail,

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail:

  • Barton F Haynes,
  • Bali Pulendran,
  • Jorge Flores,
  • José Esparza,
  • on behalf of a Working Group convened by the Global HIV Vaccine Enterprise
  • Published: April 01, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0050081

About the Authors

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

BFH is Principal Investigator of the National Institutes of Health–funded Center for HIV-AIDS Vaccine Immunology; his Duke Human Vaccine Institute has a National Institutes of Health contract in partnership with Wyeth to develop therapeutic HIV vaccines. The remaining authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Author Contributions

RJS, BFH, and BP organized the Enterprise workshop with the collaboration of JF and JE, and all authors contributed to writing the paper. Participants in the workshop contributed with formal presentations and discussions.