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Research Article

Multi-Host Transmission Dynamics of Schistosoma japonicum in Samar Province, the Philippines

  • Steven Riley mail,

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: steven.riley@hku.hk

    Affiliation: Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China

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  • Hélène Carabin,

    Affiliation: University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States of America

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  • Patrick Bélisle,

    Affiliation: McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

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  • Lawrence Joseph,

    Affiliation: McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

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  • Veronica Tallo,

    Affiliation: Research Institute for Tropical Medicine, Muntinlupa City, Republic of the Philippines

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  • Ernesto Balolong,

    Affiliation: Research Institute for Tropical Medicine, Muntinlupa City, Republic of the Philippines

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  • A. Lee Willingham III,

    Affiliation: World Health Organization/Food and Agriculture Organization Collaborating Center for Parasitic Zoonoses, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Denmark

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  • Tomas J Fernandez Jr.,

    Affiliation: College of Veterinary Medicine, Visayas State University, Baybay, Leyte, Republic of the Philippines

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  • Ryan O'Neal Gonzales,

    Affiliation: Research Institute for Tropical Medicine, Muntinlupa City, Republic of the Philippines

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  • Remigio Olveda,

    Affiliation: Research Institute for Tropical Medicine, Muntinlupa City, Republic of the Philippines

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  • Stephen T McGarvey

    Affiliation: Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America

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  • Published: January 22, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0050018

About the Authors

Steven Riley
Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
Hélène Carabin
University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States of America
Patrick Bélisle, Lawrence Joseph
McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Veronica Tallo, Ernesto Balolong, Ryan O'Neal Gonzales, Remigio Olveda
Research Institute for Tropical Medicine, Muntinlupa City, Republic of the Philippines
A. Lee Willingham III
World Health Organization/Food and Agriculture Organization Collaborating Center for Parasitic Zoonoses, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Denmark
Tomas J Fernandez Jr.
College of Veterinary Medicine, Visayas State University, Baybay, Leyte, Republic of the Philippines
Stephen T McGarvey
Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: steven.riley@hku.hk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

SR, HC, EB, and STM designed the study. VT and TJF collected data and performed experiments. SR, HC, and PB analyzed the data. VT and RO enrolled patients. SR, HC, LJ, VT, EB, ALW, ROG, RO, and STM contributed to writing the paper.