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Research Article

Multiple Chlamydiaceae Species in Trachoma: Implications for Disease Pathogenesis and Control

  • Deborah Dean mail,

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: ddean@chori.org

    Affiliations: Center for Immunobiology and Vaccine Development, Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, California, United States of America, Department of Medicine, University of California at San Francisco, California, United States of America, Joint Graduate Group in Bioengineering, University of California, Berkeley, and University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America

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  • Ram P Kandel,

    Affiliation: Department of Ophthalmology, Lumbini Rana-Ambika Eye Hospital, Bhairahawa, Nepal

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  • Him K Adhikari,

    Affiliation: Department of Ophthalmology, Lumbini Rana-Ambika Eye Hospital, Bhairahawa, Nepal

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  • Tracey Hessel

    Affiliation: Department of Pediatrics, University of California at San Francisco, California, United States of America

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  • Published: January 03, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0050014

About the Authors

Deborah Dean
Center for Immunobiology and Vaccine Development, Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, California, United States of America
Deborah Dean
Department of Medicine, University of California at San Francisco, California, United States of America
Deborah Dean
Joint Graduate Group in Bioengineering, University of California, Berkeley, and University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America
Ram P Kandel, Him K Adhikari
Department of Ophthalmology, Lumbini Rana-Ambika Eye Hospital, Bhairahawa, Nepal
Tracey Hessel
Department of Pediatrics, University of California at San Francisco, California, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: ddean@chori.org

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

DD led the project, designed the experiments and the study, contributed to the field aspects of the study, analyzed the data, and made a major contribution to the writing of the paper. RPK and HKA enrolled patients and ensured appropriate conduct of the study for its duration in the field. TH analyzed the data, contributed to the field aspects of the study, and wrote the first draft of the paper.