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Research Article

Combined Impact of Health Behaviours and Mortality in Men and Women: The EPIC-Norfolk Prospective Population Study

  • Kay-Tee Khaw mail,

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: kk101@medschl.cam.ac.uk

    Affiliation: Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, Cambridge, United Kingdom

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  • Nicholas Wareham,

    Affiliation: Medical Research Council, Epidemiology Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom

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  • Sheila Bingham,

    Affiliation: Medical Research Council, Dunn Nutrition Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom

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  • Ailsa Welch,

    Affiliation: Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, Cambridge, United Kingdom

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  • Robert Luben,

    Affiliation: Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, Cambridge, United Kingdom

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  • Nicholas Day

    Affiliation: Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, Cambridge, United Kingdom

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  • Published: January 08, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0050012

About the Authors

Kay-Tee Khaw, Ailsa Welch, Robert Luben, Nicholas Day
Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Nicholas Wareham
Medical Research Council, Epidemiology Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Sheila Bingham
Medical Research Council, Dunn Nutrition Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: kk101@medschl.cam.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

KTK, NW, SB, and ND are principal investigators in the EPIC-Norfolk population study. NW developed and validated the physical activity measures and scales. AW was responsible for nutritional data involved in the physical activity validation and calibration studies. RL is responsible for data management, record linkage, and computing overall. KTK conducted the data analyses, wrote the paper with coauthors, had full access to all of the data in the study, and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.