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Research Article

The Consumption of Khat and Other Drugs in Somali Combatants: A Cross-Sectional Study

  • Michael Odenwald mail,

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: michael.odenwald@uni-konstanz.de

    Affiliation: University of Konstanz, Department of Psychology, Konstanz, Germany

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  • Harald Hinkel,

    Affiliations: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit, International Services, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, The World Bank Multi-Country Demobilization and Reintegration Program of the Greater Great Lakes Region, Goma, Democratic Republic of Congo

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  • Elisabeth Schauer,

    Affiliation: Vivo International, Ancona, Italy

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  • Frank Neuner,

    Affiliation: University of Konstanz, Department of Psychology, Konstanz, Germany

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  • Maggie Schauer,

    Affiliations: University of Konstanz, Department of Psychology, Konstanz, Germany, Vivo International, Ancona, Italy

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  • Thomas R Elbert,

    Affiliations: University of Konstanz, Department of Psychology, Konstanz, Germany, Vivo International, Ancona, Italy

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  • Brigitte Rockstroh

    Affiliation: University of Konstanz, Department of Psychology, Konstanz, Germany

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  • Published: December 11, 2007
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0040341

About the Authors

Michael Odenwald, Frank Neuner, Maggie Schauer, Thomas R Elbert, Brigitte Rockstroh
University of Konstanz, Department of Psychology, Konstanz, Germany
Harald Hinkel
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit, International Services, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Harald Hinkel
The World Bank Multi-Country Demobilization and Reintegration Program of the Greater Great Lakes Region, Goma, Democratic Republic of Congo
Elisabeth Schauer, Maggie Schauer, Thomas R Elbert
Vivo International, Ancona, Italy

Corresponding Author

Email: michael.odenwald@uni-konstanz.de

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

MO, ES, FN, MS, TRE, and BR developed the study design and selection of instruments. MO, HH, FN, MS, TRE, and BR performed a pilot study. MO, HH, and ES conducted training and supervision of local interviewers. MO, FN, and TRE performed statistical analysis. MO, HH, ES, FN, TRE, and BR composed and revised the article.