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Research Article

Elevated Risk for HIV Infection among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Low- and Middle-Income Countries 2000–2006: A Systematic Review

  • Stefan Baral,

    Affiliations: Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America, Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America, Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • Frangiscos Sifakis,

    Affiliations: Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America, Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Farley Cleghorn,

    Affiliation: Constella Futures Group, Washington, D.C., United States of America

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  • Chris Beyrer mail

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: cbeyrer@jhsph.edu

    Affiliations: Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America, Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Published: December 01, 2007
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0040339

About the Authors

Stefan Baral, Frangiscos Sifakis, Chris Beyrer
Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
Stefan Baral, Frangiscos Sifakis, Chris Beyrer
Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
Stefan Baral
Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Farley Cleghorn
Constella Futures Group, Washington, D.C., United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: cbeyrer@jhsph.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

SB designed the initial search strategies and was one of the authors responsible for abstraction and data analysis. SB was also responsible for authoring the first draft of the manuscript. CB is SB's supervisor and was the source of the original ideas for this research study. CB was also responsible for abstraction and played a significant role in the writing of this manuscript. FS contributed critical thought, aided in data analysis, and also was responsible for authoring sections of the manuscript. FC helped direct the research, provided extensive critical review of the writing and data analysis methods.