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Research Article

Independent Associations of Fasting Insulin, Glucose, and Glycated Haemoglobin with Stroke and Coronary Heart Disease in Older Women

  • Debbie A Lawlor mail,

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: d.a.lawlor@bristol.ac.uk

    Affiliation: Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom

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  • Abigail Fraser,

    Affiliation: Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom

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  • Shah Ebrahim,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

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  • George Davey Smith

    Affiliation: Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom

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  • Published: August 28, 2007
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0040263

About the Authors

Debbie A Lawlor, Abigail Fraser, George Davey Smith
Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
Shah Ebrahim
Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: d.a.lawlor@bristol.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

DAL, SE, and GDS designed the study. DAL analyzed the data and enrolled patients. All authors contributed to writing the paper. AF made a substantial contribution to interpreting results.