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Research Article

Time to Renal Disease and End-Stage Renal Disease in PROFILE: A Multiethnic Lupus Cohort

  • Graciela S Alarcón mail,

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: graciela.alarcon@ccc.uab.edu

    Affiliation: Division of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America

    X
  • Gerald McGwin Jr.,

    Affiliation: Section of Trauma, Burns, and Critical Care, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America

    X
  • Michelle Petri,

    Affiliation: Division of Rheumatology, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Rosalind Ramsey-Goldman,

    Affiliation: Division of Rheumatology, Northwestern University School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

    X
  • Barri J Fessler,

    Affiliation: Division of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America

    X
  • Luis M Vilá,

    Affiliation: Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, University of Puerto Rico Medical Sciences Campus, San Juan, Puerto Rico

    X
  • Jeffrey C Edberg,

    Affiliation: Division of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America

    X
  • John D Reveille,

    Affiliation: Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas, United States of America

    X
  • Robert P Kimberly,

    Affiliation: Division of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America

    X
  • for the PROFILE Study Group
  • Published: October 31, 2006
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0030396

About the Authors

Graciela S Alarcón, Barri J Fessler, Jeffrey C Edberg, Robert P Kimberly
Division of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America
Gerald McGwin Jr.
Section of Trauma, Burns, and Critical Care, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America
Michelle Petri
Division of Rheumatology, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
Rosalind Ramsey-Goldman
Division of Rheumatology, Northwestern University School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America
Luis M Vilá
Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, University of Puerto Rico Medical Sciences Campus, San Juan, Puerto Rico
John D Reveille
Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: graciela.alarcon@ccc.uab.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

GSA, MP, LMV, JDR, and RPK designed the study. MP, RRG, LMV, BJF, JDR, and RPK enrolled patients. GM, JCE, and RPK analyzed the data. GSA, GM, MP, RRG, LMV, JCE, JDR, and RPK contributed to writing the paper.