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Research Article

The Potential Impact of Male Circumcision on HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa

  • Brian G Williams mail,

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: williamsbg@who.int

    Affiliation: World Health Organization, Stop TB Department, Geneva, Switzerland

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  • James O Lloyd-Smith,

    Affiliations: Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States of America, Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States of America

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  • Eleanor Gouws,

    Affiliation: Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), Policy, Evidence, and Partnerships Department, Geneva, Switzerland

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  • Catherine Hankins,

    Affiliation: Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), Policy, Evidence, and Partnerships Department, Geneva, Switzerland

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  • Wayne M Getz,

    Affiliation: Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States of America

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  • John Hargrove,

    Affiliation: South African Centre for Epidemiological Modelling and Analysis, Stellenbosch, South Africa

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  • Isabelle de Zoysa,

    Affiliation: World Health Organization, Family and Community Health, Geneva, Switzerland

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  • Christopher Dye,

    Affiliation: World Health Organization, Stop TB Department, Geneva, Switzerland

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  • Bertran Auvert

    Affiliations: INSERM, Saint Maurice, France, University of Versailles-Saint Quentin, Faculté de Médecine Paris-Ile-de-France-Ouest, Saint Maurice, France, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Ambroise Pare, Boulogne, France

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  • Published: July 11, 2006
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0030262

About the Authors

Brian G Williams, Christopher Dye
World Health Organization, Stop TB Department, Geneva, Switzerland
James O Lloyd-Smith, Wayne M Getz
Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States of America
James O Lloyd-Smith
Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States of America
Eleanor Gouws, Catherine Hankins
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), Policy, Evidence, and Partnerships Department, Geneva, Switzerland
John Hargrove
South African Centre for Epidemiological Modelling and Analysis, Stellenbosch, South Africa
Isabelle de Zoysa
World Health Organization, Family and Community Health, Geneva, Switzerland
Bertran Auvert
INSERM, Saint Maurice, France
Bertran Auvert
University of Versailles-Saint Quentin, Faculté de Médecine Paris-Ile-de-France-Ouest, Saint Maurice, France
Bertran Auvert
Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Ambroise Pare, Boulogne, France

Corresponding Author

Email: williamsbg@who.int

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

All authors contributed to considering the problem and writing the paper. BA proposed the development of this model. BGW, JOLS, EG, WMG, JH, CD, and BA developed and applied the model. EG assembled the data on MC and HIV rates. CH and IDZ interpreted the data and developed the policy implications.