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Research Article

Are Racial and Ethnic Minorities Less Willing to Participate in Health Research?

  • David Wendler mail,

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: dwendler@nih.gov

    Affiliation: Department of Clinical Bioethics, National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Raynard Kington,

    Affiliation: Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Jennifer Madans,

    Affiliation: National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Gretchen Van Wye,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

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  • Heidi Christ-Schmidt,

    Affiliation: Statistics Collaborative, Washington, D. C., United States of America

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  • Laura A Pratt,

    Affiliation: National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Otis W Brawley,

    Affiliation: Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Cary P Gross,

    Affiliation: Section of General Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

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  • Ezekiel Emanuel

    Affiliation: Department of Clinical Bioethics, National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Published: December 06, 2005
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0030019

About the Authors

David Wendler, Ezekiel Emanuel
Department of Clinical Bioethics, National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America
Raynard Kington
Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America
Jennifer Madans, Laura A Pratt
National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, Maryland, United States of America
Gretchen Van Wye
Department of Epidemiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America
Heidi Christ-Schmidt
Statistics Collaborative, Washington, D. C., United States of America
Otis W Brawley
Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Cary P Gross
Section of General Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: dwendler@nih.gov

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

DW, RK, and EE designed the study. DW, JM, GV, HC, LAP, CPG, and EE analyzed the data. DW, RK, JM, GV, HC, LAP, OWB, CPG, and EE contributed to writing the paper.