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Research Article

Gene Expression Profiling Predicts Survival in Conventional Renal Cell Carcinoma

  • Hongjuan Zhao,

    Affiliation: Department of Urology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America

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  • Börje Ljungberg,

    Affiliation: Departments of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Urology, and Andrology, Medical Biosciences, Clinical Chemistry, and Radiation Sciences, Oncology, Umeȧ University, Umeȧ, Sweden

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  • Kjell Grankvist,

    Affiliation: Departments of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Urology, and Andrology, Medical Biosciences, Clinical Chemistry, and Radiation Sciences, Oncology, Umeȧ University, Umeȧ, Sweden

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  • Torgny Rasmuson,

    Affiliation: Departments of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Urology, and Andrology, Medical Biosciences, Clinical Chemistry, and Radiation Sciences, Oncology, Umeȧ University, Umeȧ, Sweden

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  • Robert Tibshirani,

    Affiliation: Department of Health Research and Policy, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America

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  • James D Brooks mail

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: jdbrooks@stanford.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Urology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America

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  • Published: December 06, 2005
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0030013

About the Authors

Hongjuan Zhao, James D Brooks
Department of Urology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America
Börje Ljungberg, Kjell Grankvist, Torgny Rasmuson
Departments of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Urology, and Andrology, Medical Biosciences, Clinical Chemistry, and Radiation Sciences, Oncology, Umeȧ University, Umeȧ, Sweden
Robert Tibshirani
Department of Health Research and Policy, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: jdbrooks@stanford.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

BL and JDB designed the study. HZ, BL, KG, and TR performed the experiments. HZ, RT, and JDB analyzed the data. HZ, BL, RT, and JDB contributed to writing the paper.