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Research Article

Maternal–Fetal Microtransfusions and HIV-1 Mother-to-Child Transmission in Malawi

  • Jesse J Kwiek mail,

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: kwiek@unc.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • Victor Mwapasa,

    Affiliation: Department of Community Health, College of Medicine, University of Malawi, Blantyre, Malawi

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  • Danny A Milner Jr,

    Affiliation: Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Alisa P Alker,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • William C Miller,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • Eyob Tadesse,

    Affiliation: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, College of Medicine, University of Malawi, Blantyre, Malawi

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  • Malcolm E Molyneux,

    Affiliation: Malawi-Liverpool-Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme, College of Medicine, University of Malawi, Blantyre, Malawi

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  • Stephen J Rogerson,

    Affiliation: Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia

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  • Steven R Meshnick

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • Published: November 22, 2005
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0030010

About the Authors

Jesse J Kwiek, Alisa P Alker, William C Miller, Steven R Meshnick
Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America
Victor Mwapasa
Department of Community Health, College of Medicine, University of Malawi, Blantyre, Malawi
Danny A Milner Jr
Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
Eyob Tadesse
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, College of Medicine, University of Malawi, Blantyre, Malawi
Malcolm E Molyneux
Malawi-Liverpool-Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme, College of Medicine, University of Malawi, Blantyre, Malawi
Stephen J Rogerson
Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia

Corresponding Author

Email: kwiek@unc.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

JJK participated in hypothesis generation, data collection, and data analysis, and was the primary author of this study. VM participated in the study design, data collection, and the writing of the manuscript. DAM diagnosed chorioamnionitis. APA contributed to the data analysis. WCM suggested the case-cohort design and participated in data analysis and manuscript preparation. ET contributed to data collection and was the Chief Obstetrician. MEM participated in participant recruitment and study management/supervision. SJR diagnosed placental malaria, developed the hypothesis, participated in data analysis, and provided study oversight. SRM developed the hypothesis; participated in the study design, data analysis, and study coordination; and was the Principal Investigator. All of the authors edited and revised the final manuscript.