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Research Article

Heritability of Malaria in Africa

  • Margaret J Mackinnon mail,

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: Mjm88@cam.ac.uk

    Affiliations: School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, Department of Pathology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

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  • Tabitha W Mwangi,

    Affiliation: Kenya Medical Research Institute/Wellcome Trust Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research, Coast, Kilifi District Hospital, Kilifi, Kenya

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  • Robert W Snow,

    Affiliations: Kenya Medical Research Institute/Wellcome Trust Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research, Coast, Kilifi District Hospital, Kilifi, Kenya, Nuffield Department of Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Kevin Marsh,

    Affiliations: Kenya Medical Research Institute/Wellcome Trust Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research, Coast, Kilifi District Hospital, Kilifi, Kenya, Nuffield Department of Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Thomas N Williams

    Affiliations: Kenya Medical Research Institute/Wellcome Trust Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research, Coast, Kilifi District Hospital, Kilifi, Kenya, Nuffield Department of Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom, Department of Paediatrics, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Published: November 08, 2005
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0020340

About the Authors

Margaret J Mackinnon
School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Margaret J Mackinnon
Department of Pathology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Tabitha W Mwangi, Robert W Snow, Kevin Marsh, Thomas N Williams
Kenya Medical Research Institute/Wellcome Trust Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research, Coast, Kilifi District Hospital, Kilifi, Kenya
Robert W Snow, Kevin Marsh, Thomas N Williams
Nuffield Department of Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom
Thomas N Williams
Department of Paediatrics, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: Mjm88@cam.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

TWM, KM, and TNW conceived and conducted the mild disease cohort study, and pedigree data were collected by MJM and TWM. RWS and TNW designed and conducted the birth cohort study. Statistical analyses were conducted by MJM. Patients were enrolled by TWM, RWS, and TNW. MJM and TNW wrote the paper.