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Why Most Published Research Findings Are False

  • John P. A. Ioannidis
  • Published: August 30, 2005
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0020124

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true existing relationships to true non-existent relationships

Posted by lazarillo on 27 Jun 2011 at 22:52 GMT

Let R be the ratio of the number of “true relationships” to “no relationships” among those tested in the field.

This is a minor point to quibble, except that further definitions rely upon clear understanding here: R, as the author has defined it, is the ratio of the # of "true existing relationships" to the # of "true non-existent relationships". Both the numerator & the denominator are "true, but unknowable".

No competing interests declared.